Common questions

How are new molecules synthesized?

How are new molecules synthesized?

A chemical synthesis usually involves the breaking of existing bonds and the formation of new ones. Synthesis of a complex molecule may involve a considerable number of individual reactions leading in sequence from available starting materials to the desired end product.

How are DNA molecules created?

DNA is made of chemical building blocks called nucleotides. These building blocks are made of three parts: a phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. To form a strand of DNA, nucleotides are linked into chains, with the phosphate and sugar groups alternating.

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Where are molecules synthesized in the cell?

Proteins, most lipids, and a few carbohydrates of cell membranes are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Many lipids species and most carbohydrates of membranes are synthesized in the Golgi apparatus. Most membrane molecules are transported to their final location by vesicular trafficking.

What is a synthesized molecule?

What are synthetic molecules? A synthetic ingredient is a molecule that is artificially manufactured in a laboratory, using various chemical processes. Its purpose is to imitate a natural molecule, to recreate its structure and therefore its smell.

What is happening to the DNA molecule in the figure explain the first step in DNA replication?

The initiation of DNA replication occurs in two steps. First, a so-called initiator protein unwinds a short stretch of the DNA double helix. Then, a protein known as helicase attaches to and breaks apart the hydrogen bonds between the bases on the DNA strands, thereby pulling apart the two strands.

How is protein synthesized?

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Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Where is DNA synthesized in the cell?

DNA replication occurs in the cytoplasm of prokaryotes and in the nucleus of eukaryotes. Regardless of where DNA replication occurs, the basic process is the same.

What part of the cell is DNA synthesized?

S Phase
The S Phase of Interphase The S phase of a cell cycle occurs during interphase, before mitosis or meiosis, and is responsible for the synthesis or replication of DNA.

How cell membrane is synthesized?

How Are Cell Membranes Synthesized? Membranes and their constituent proteins are assembled in the ER. This organelle contains the enzymes involved in lipid synthesis, and as lipids are manufactured in the ER, they are inserted into the organelle’s own membranes.

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What is a synthesize?

Synthesis Synthesis means to combine a number of different pieces into a whole. Synthesis is about concisely summarizing and linking different sources in order to review the literature on a topic, make recommendations, and connect your practice to the research.

What is an example of a synthesis?

A synthesis reaction occurs when two or more reactants combine to form a single product. An example of a synthesis reaction is the combination of sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) to produce sodium chloride (NaCl).