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Why was Pataliputra so important?

Why was Pataliputra so important?

Situated at the confluence of the Ganges, Gandhaka and Son rivers, Pataliputra formed a “water fort, or jaldurga”. Its position helped it dominate the riverine trade of the Indo-Gangetic plains during Magadha’s early imperial period.

Why was Pataliputra famous in ancient India?

Pataliputra was famous for trading and exporting goods. Hence Pataliputra ancient city located on the Ganduk River, which flows from the North side of the city and merges into Ganges. Son river enters into Ganges from the South, So Pataliputra noted as the best business trading place in ancient times.

How is Pataliputra better known as?

Pataliputra is the ancient name for the present-day city of Patna (which was adopted in the reign of Sher Shah Suri). The old name is believed to derive from Patali, meaning Trumpet Flower, which was the name of King Putraka’s wife. The of Pataliputra/Patliputra site is now known as Kumrahar.

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Who Founded in Pataliputra?

Ajatashatru
The ancient city of Pataliputra was founded in the 5th century bce by Ajatashatru, king of Magadha (South Bihar). His son Udaya (Udayin) made it the capital of Magadha, which it remained until the 1st century bce.

What do we learn about Pataliputra from the Indika?

297 BCE), in his book Indica wrote that Pataliputra was among the first cities in the world to have a highly efficient form of local self-government. Under the Mauryas, Pataliputra which was by now a bustling metropolis also became the fountainhead of knowledge and culture.

Who shifted capital to Pataliputra?

Udayin
Udayin laid the foundation of the city of Pataliputra at the confluence of two rivers, the Son and the Ganges. He shifted his capital from Rajgriha to Patliputra due to the latter’s central location in the empire.

How did the city of Pataliputra emerged?

How did the city of Pataliputra emerge? Answer: Pataliputra emerged from a village called Pataligram. In 5th century B.C.E., the Magadhan rulers decided to shift their capital from Raj agriha to this city and they renamed it.

How was Pataliputra destroyed?

According to tradition, the Haryanka dynasty founded in 684 BCE, whose capital was Rajagriha, later Pataliputra, the present-day Patna. This dynasty lasted until 424 BCE when it was overthrown by the Nanda dynasty.

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Where is Pataliputra in the Mauryan empire?

Pataliputra (now Patna) is located at the confluence of the Ganges and Son Rivers in northeastern India. It was the capital city of the Mauryan Empire c. 326–184 b.c.e., when it was perhaps the largest city in the world, and again of the Gupta Empire, 320–550 c.e.

What was the capital of patliputra?

Pataliputra capital
Discovered 25°36′07″N 85°10′48″E
Place Bulandi Bagh, Pataliputra, India.
Present location Patna Museum, India
Excavation site (Patna, India)

Why was the capital shifted from Rajgir to Patliputra?

Udayin laid the foundation of the city of Pataliputra at the confluence of two rivers, the Son and the Ganges. He shifted his capital from Rajgriha to Patliputra due to the latter’s central location in the empire.

How was the Mauryan empire being ruled in the areas around Pataliputra?

The Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra (modern Patna). The Mauryan Empire then defeated Seleucus I, a diadochus and founder of the Seleucid Empire, during the Seleucid–Mauryan war, thus acquiring territory west of the Indus River.

Why was Pataliputra the capital of so many empires in history?

The location of Pataliputra was a strategic one and that is why it was the capital of so many empires in history. It is located right in the cen Pataliputra was the capital of the ancient Magadha kingdom and two of the most famous empires in ancient India, i.e. the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Empire.

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Why was Patna the capital of India during the Mauryan age?

It can be really be stated that Patna was not just the capital of India during the Mauryan age but that of greater Asia. As it was here, that Indian culture, Indian Buddhism, and Indian sciences were spread through out Asia and the world. During the Mauryan age several notable scholars came to be associated with Patna.

Who among the following was associated with Patna?

During the Mauryan age several notable scholars came to be associated with Patna. Aryabhata, one of Ancient India’s greatest Mathematicians, computed the value of PI to the forth decimal place, he also identified the force of gravity and planetary rotations.

Why Patna is famous for architecture?

During the Period of the Gupta Dynasty, Patna was bestowed with incredible architectural works. With this second Golden age of India, Patna served as cultural learning center and city of innovation. Modern mathematical theory developed here, along with Geometry and Trigonometric principles and research.