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What was the output device of first generation computers?

What was the output device of first generation computers?

In this generation, mainly batch processing operating system was used. Punch cards, paper tape, and magnetic tape was used as input and output devices. The computers in this generation used machine code as the programming language.

What was the output method for first and second generation computer?

The first generation of electronic computers used vacuum tubes, which generated large amounts of heat, were bulky and unreliable. A second generation computer, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory.

What is the output of second generation of computer?

Second Generation of Computers Input/output devices – punched cards and magnetic tape. Examples – IBM 1401, IBM 7090 and 7094, UNIVAC 1107, etc.

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What are the devices in 1st generation?

The foremost vital computers were ENIAC and UNIVAC-1. UNIVAC was the world’s 1st commercially electronic computer. IBM 650 was the foremost widespread first-generation laptop. Here are the 1st generation pc list ENIAC, EDVAC, IBM-701, and IBM-650.

When was the second generation of computers?

The second generation computers were used during 1957-1963. They are also known as transistor computers. The second generation of computers consists of two types of devices, transistors, and magnetic core.

What are the examples of second generation computers?

Examples of the second generation computers include IBM 1620, IBM 7094, CDC 1604, CDC 3600, UNIVAC 1108. As a result, they worked on AC and therefore were faster than their predecessors.

What are the main features of 2nd generation computers?

Features of the Second Generation of Computers

  • As the computers made in the second generation used transistors that made them more reliable, smaller in size, faster in speed, more energy-efficient, and cheaper compared to the first generation of computers.
  • They contain magnetic storage disks and magnetic core memory.
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What is first generation of computer?

A vacuum-tube computer, now termed a first-generation computer, is a computer that uses vacuum tubes for logic circuitry. Although superseded by second-generation, transistorized computers, vacuum-tube computers continued to be built into the 1960s. These computers were mostly one-of-a-kind designs.

What are the devices in 2nd generation?

They are also known as transistor computers. The second generation of computers consists of two types of devices, transistors, and magnetic core. The transistors helped to develop a better computer than the first generation computers consisting of vacuum tubes.

What are the major features of the second generation computer?

FEATURES OF SECOND GENERATION COMPUTERS

  • Transistors – small, low-power, low-cost, more reliable than vacuum tubes.
  • Magnetic core memory.
  • Two’s complement, floating point arithmetic.
  • Reduced the computational time from milliseconds to microseconds.
  • High level languages.
  • First operating Systems: handled one program at a time.