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Why do shield volcanoes have gentle slopes?

Why do shield volcanoes have gentle slopes?

The gentle slopes are the result of the low lava viscosity, allowing lavas to flow fast and far. The lava flows (pahoehoe and aa) commonly initiate their path from flank vents and fissures rather than from the summit. These flank vents are the result of the widening and / or subsidence of the volcano.

Do shield volcanoes have gently sloping sides?

Shield Volcano: A dome shaped volcano with gently sloping sides and a broad base characteristic of relatively low viscosity, basaltic lava eruptions.

What are volcanoes with gently sloping sides made from?

Shield volcanoes are usually found at constructive or tensional boundaries. They are low, with gently sloping sides. They are formed by eruptions of thin, runny lava.

Why are shield volcanoes not explosive?

The lava that creates shield volcanoes is fluid and flows easily and creates the shield shape. Shield volcanoes are built by many layers over time and the layers are usually of very similar composition. The low viscosity also means that shield eruptions are non-explosive.

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Why do Stratovolcanoes have steep slopes?

This is because they are formed by alternating layers (strata) of magma and ash (Figure below). The magma that creates composite volcanoes tends to be thick. The steep sides form because the lava cannot flow too far from the vent. This creates the steep sides of stratovolcanoes.

Why do stratovolcanoes have steep slopes?

Why are shield volcanoes not steep?

Shield volcanoes are almost exclusively basalt, a type of lava that is very fluid when erupted. For this reason these volcanoes are not steep (you can’t pile up a fluid that easily runs downhill).

Why do some volcanoes have steep sides and others have gentle sides?

This is because they are formed by alternating layers (strata) of magma and ash (Figure below). The magma that creates composite volcanoes tends to be thick. The steep sides form because the lava cannot flow too far from the vent.

What is the difference between shield volcanoes and stratovolcanoes?

Stratovolcanoes have relatively steep sides and are more cone-shaped than shield volcanoes. They are formed from viscous, sticky lava that does not flow easily. Stratovolcanoes are more likely to produce explosive eruptions due to gas building up in the viscous magma.

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Why are shield volcanoes more explosive?

They are thick and gooey and resist flowing. Their high volatile content makes them potentially highly explosive. Because mafic lava is low viscosity, when it erupts from a volcano it flows downslope away from the vent, gradually cooling and crystallizing. Most shield volcanoes are much smaller.

Why are shield volcanoes so wide with such low gradient slopes?

The low viscosity of the magma allows the lava to travel down slope on a gentle slope, but as it cools and its viscosity increases, its thickness builds up on the lower slopes giving a somewhat steeper lower slope. Most shield volcanoes have a roughly circular or oval shape in map view.

Which volcano type is gently sloped and not so steep?

Shield volcanoes are huge, gently sloping volcanoes. Cinder cones are small, cone-shaped volcanoes.

What type of volcano has a gently sloping side?

Shield Volcanoes. Shield volcanoes are large volcanoes with gently sloping sides. In fact, the largest volcanoes on Earth (and even the Solar System) are shield volcanoes.

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Why do shield volcanoes have different shapes on the map?

The low viscosity of the magma allows the lava to travel down slope on a gentle slope, but as it cools and its viscosity increases, its thickness builds up on the lower slopes giving a somewhat steeper lower slope. Most shield volcanoes have a roughly circular or oval shape in map view.

Why are there shield volcanoes on Mars?

Shield Volcanoes. This monster measures 27 km above the surface of Mars, and is 550 km in width. It’s believed that Olympus Mons got so big because Mars lacks plate tectonics. A single volcanic hotspot was able to channel lava for billions of years, building up the volcano to such a great size.

How high are shield volcanoes in Hawaii?

Shield Volcanoes. In northern California and Oregon, they can be 5-10 km across and about 500 meters high. But in the Hawaiian Islands, the volcanoes were atop very active vents for millions of years. Mauna Loa projects 4,168 meters above sea level, but if you measure it from the base of the ocean to its top, it measures 8,534 meters.