Why is Sikkim considered as a biodiversity?

Why is Sikkim considered as a biodiversity?

Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.

How is biodiversity affected in Sikkim?

Sikkim is no exception and continues to still show up new or rarely-seen species. Global warming is causing a shift in the location of species in the Himalayas. Researchers in Sikkim reported sighting the ‘small woodbrown butterfly’ in Khanchendzonga National Park, last seen 120 years ago.

What are the unique features of ecology in Sikkim?

The diverse forest types include deciduous Sal, wet hill forests, dense Oak forests, extensive conifer forests and unique Rhododendron thickets giving way to rolling alpine meadows. Ecosystems range from humid tropical valleys to temperate montane habitat, alpine meadows and trans-himalayan cold desert.

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Which state in India is rich in biodiversity?

The Nicobar Islands represent India. These islands were declared as the world biosphere reserve in 2013 by the United Nations. These islands have a rich terrestrial as well as marine ecosystem including mangroves, seagrass beds, and coral reefs.

What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

How many biodiversity parks are there in Sikkim?

There are 8 protected areas in Sikkim viz., Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kitam Bird Sanctuary and Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary covering 46.93\% of the total …

Which region is rich in biodiversity?

Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near the equator, which is the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth, and is richer in the tropics.

Which state has the highest biodiversity?

Four states in particular stand out as having exceptional levels of biodiversity as measured by these four factors: California, Hawaii, Texas, and Alabama. California California is a remarkable state biologically, ranking highly in each of these categories.

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How people of Sikkim contribute in conservation of natural resources?

The Department of Forest, Environment and Wildlife Management (DFEWM) of the Government of Sikkim launched a ten-year initiative in collaboration with JICA through the Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management to strengthen the management of natural resources and alleviate poverty in Sikkim through …

What is Sikkim Biodiversity Action Plan?

Sikkim Biodiversity Action Plan (SBAP) contains identification and analysis of problems related with biodiversity conservation in this state, as well as enlists detailed action plans for the concerned departments of state and central, concern research institutes, NGOs and communities.

What is the old name of Sikkim?

According to folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital, Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning “paradise”.

Which of the following reason is richer in biodiversity?

Answer : Option (A) is correct because biodiversity is richer in tropical regions. Tropical forest ecosystems cover less than 10 percent of earth’s surface, and contain about 90\% of the world’s species.

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How much biodiversity is there in Sikkim?

Sikkim covering just 0. 2 \% of the geographical area of the country has tremendous biodiversity and has been identified as one of the HOT-SPOT in the Eastern Himalayas. There are 10 bio-geographic zones & 25 biotic province which have 16 major forests types & > 200 sub types as per (Champion & Seth 1968).

Why Sikkim is rich in nature?

Nature has been particularly generous in her gift of sylvan treasures to the state of Sikkim. Luxuriant forest, abound in all part of state and variety of medicinal plants, herbs, shrubs, bamboos and trees growing in state is truly rich.

How many rivers are there in Sikkim?

Sikkim also has 28 Mountains/Peaks, more than 38 Glaciers, 227 high altitude lakes/wetlands and over 104 rivers and streams. Nature has been particularly generous in her gift of sylvan treasures to the state of Sikkim.

What is the elevation of Sikkim?

(The Medicinal Plant found in Sikkim is listed in Annexure II) ECOREGIONS Sikkim is a land of vast variation in altitude within very short distances ranging from around 300m to 8598m. Elevation plays a prime role in fashioning the ecoregions of the state.